Diabetes: Don’t Sugar Coat It

Statistics of Diabetes in Singapore 

In Singapore, 12 percent of the population suffers from pre-diabetes. One-third of them become diabetic, another one-third remain pre-diabetic.

Among the diabetics,  one in three has poor control of their condition. The prevalence of diabetes in Singapore (10.5 percent) is higher than the world’s average (8.8 percent).

This is largely attributed to our ageing population and diabetes risk increases with age. One in nine Singaporeans aged 18 to 69 years were affected by diabetes in 2010.

What is Diabetes

Diabetes is a disruption in metabolism, the way your body uses food. It is a disease in which the body does not produce or respond to insulin, a hormone that is essential for energy production and growth.

NORMAL METABOLISM

Food passes through the oesophagus to the stomach and small intestines where digestion converts some of it into sugar (glucose), which enters the bloodstream.

Sensing an increase in glucose levels, Beta cells in pancreas secrete insulin, a hormone that enables glucose to enter body cells. Cells use glucose for energy or store as fat for later.

MAJOR FORMS OF DIABETES

  • Type 1 –  1 in about 20 people